Access Control Systems using Power over Ethernet (PoE) Technology from Borer
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Access Control Terminology

Defintions of words and phrases related to Access Control and Borer hardware.

   
Biometric Biometrics is the science and technology of measuring and analyzing biological data. In IT, biometrics refers to technologies that measure and analyze human body characteristics, such as fingerprints, eye retinas and irises, voice patterns, facial and hand measurements, for authentication purposes.
Barcode A machine-readable representation of information (usually dark ink on a light background to create high and low reflectance which is converted to 1s and 0s).
Bridge A device used to enable the transfer data across two different networks, Ethernet and Controller Area Network.
CAN Controller Area Network complying with ISO11898-2.
CAT5 An Ethernet cable standard defined by the Electronic Industries Association and Telecommunications Industry Association. CAT5 is the 5th generation of twisted pair Ethernet cabling and the most popular of all twisted pair cables in use today.
Device See field device.
Database A set of tables held in a Relational Database on a PC or File Server, which contain cardholder details with associated building/site descriptions and details of access authorization for groups of cardholders.
Digital Input A two (open or closed circuit) or four state (open and short circuit as well as monitored open and monitored closed) sensing state.
Electric Strike An electrical device that replaces a regular lock strike to enable a door to be released by remote control.
Ethernet Ethernet is a physical and data link layer technology for local area networks (LANs).
Fast Ethernet Fast Ethernet supports a maximum data rate of 100 Mbps. It is so named because original Ethernet technology supported only 10 Mbps. Fast Ethernet began to be widely deployed in the mid-1990s as the need for greater LAN performance became critical to universities and businesses.
Field Device Any piece of equipment connected to and communicating across the Controller Area Network including door access control reader, attendance terminal, CAN Hub, CAN Bridge, CAN SLIO, etc.
Fingerprint Normally refers to impressions transferred from the pad on the last joint of fingers and thumbs, though fingerprint cards also typically record portions of lower joint areas of the fingers (which are also used to make identifications).
Flexitime An arrangement that allows employees to set their own working hours within agreed limits; normally must include certain periods (core time) when they must be at work.
HiTag Operating at the frequency of 100 to 150kHz, HITAG was the first tag IC family on the market to support a highly sophisticated anti-collision feature, allowing several tags to be read simultaneously.
Hub An network hub or concentrator is a device for connecting multiple twisted pair or fiber optic Ethernet devices together, making them act as a single segment.
ID A piece of identification (ID) is a document designed to verify aspects of a person's identity. It is also called an identity document or, if in the form of a small standard-sized card, an identity card (IC).
IP The IP (Internet Protocol) is a protocol that uses datagrams to communicate over a packet-switched network.
IP Address An IP address (Internet Protocol address) is a unique address that certain electronic devices currently use in order to identify and communicate with each other on a computer network utilizing the Internet Protocol standard (IP)—in simpler terms, a computer address.
Jumper A short length of conductor used to close a break in or bypass part of an electrical circuit.
LAN A local area network (LAN) supplies networking capability to a group of computers in close proximity to each other such as in an office building, a school, or a home. A LAN is useful for sharing resources like files, printers, games or other applications.
LIM Legacy reader head Interface Module, a control panel onto which legacy style card reader heads are connected.
MAC Address Unique identification assigned to every device at manufacture.
Magnetic Lock A magnetic lock is a simple locking device that consists of an electromagnet and armature plate. By attaching the electromagnet to the door frame and the armature plate to the door, a current passing through the electromagnet attracts the armature plate holding the door shut.
MIFARE® A contactless smartcard, or proximity card, technology in the world with 500 million smartcard chips and 5 million reader modules sold.
Network In general, the term network can refer to any interconnected group or system. More specifically, a network is any method of sharing information between two systems (human or mechanical)
NIM Network Interface Module, an Industrial grade rack mounted PC used as a site controller to service all field devices connected to it.
PoE Power over Ethernet or PoE technology describes a system to transmit electrical power, along with data, to remote devices over standard twisted-pair cable in an Ethernet network.
Proximity Card A contactless integrated circuit devices used for security access or payment systems. It can refer to the older 125 kHz devices or the newer 13.56 MHz contactless RFID cards, most commonly known as contactless smartcards.
RFID Radio-frequency identification (RFID) is an automatic identification method, relying on storing and remotely retrieving data using devices called RFID tags or transponders.
RJ45 A registered jack (RJ) is a standardized physical interface for connecting telecommunications equipment (commonly, a telephone jack) or computer networking equipment. The standard designs for these connectors and their wiring are named RJ11, RJ14, RJ45, etc.)
SLIO Serially Linked Input Output device, a designed to monitor digital inputs and set digital outputs (door/window sensors, intruder movement sensors, etc).
Smartcard A smart card, chip card, or integrated circuit card (ICC), is defined as any pocket-sized card with embedded integrated circuits which can process information.
Strike A device fixed in or on a door jamb into which the lock or latchbolt engages when the door is closed.
System An integrated set of hardware and/or software designed to meet a specific need.
TCP/IP Transport Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
Voice Recognition Voice/Speech recognition is the ability of a machine or program to recognize and carry out voice commands or take dictation. In general, this involves the ability to match a voice pattern against a provided or acquired vocabulary.
WAN A WAN spans a large geographic area, such as a state, province or country. WANs often connect multiple smaller networks, such as local area networks (LANs) or metro area networks (MANs).
Wiegand A wiring technology which uses short lengths of special alloy wire on a unique strip which is embedded in the card's core.

 

 
Access Control Systems using Power over Ethernet (PoE) Technology from Borer